Timeline: Historical documents

1304
Liber de coquina , anonymous
1535
Vicende della coltura nelle Due Sicilie : the menu from the wedding of Bona Sforza and Sigismund I, King of Poland, mentions pizza pie, Florentine pizzas, white sauce pizzas and pizza ‘pagonazze’.
1618
I Teatri di Napoli: the first reference to pizza fried in oil
1634
Lo cunto de li cunti: a “pizzella” dipped in water is mentioned as being inside a breadbasket
1726
Delle commedie di Giovanbattista de la Porta: a description of provola and mozzarella cheese is to be found
1799
Lettera di Majello: this letter requests that a debt run up by a ‘pizzaiolo’ (pizza chef) named Majanello be cancelled. It testifies to the existence of the pizzajuolo, or pizza chef, as a job in its own right.
1802
Robinson Crusoe overo L’uomo Solo con Pulcinella: first reference to a pizzajuolo, or pizza chef, in literature
1807
Quadro statistico della popolazione di Napoli e sobborghi: a list of 55 pizza restaurants in Naples
1812
L’inferno aperto a favore del principe Valerio con Pulcinella nato da un ovo per suo soccorso: mentions a “fella de pizza” or a slice of pizza
1824
Le ridicole operazioni, o sia Pulcinella vendicato: is the first written reference to a pizza cooked in the oven with oil, lard, grated cheese, mozzarella and caciocavallo cheese.
1825
Sull’alimentazione del popolo minuto in Napoli: here we find the first description of tomato on pizza with oil and lard, origano, garlic, parsley, mint and sometimes fresh fish
1835
Luci e ombre napoletane: We find a reference to the pizza restaurant “Ntuono o pizzaiuolo”
1835
Le corricolo: first description of a pizza by a foreign writer, Alexandre Dumas
1843
Napoli in miniatura: ovvero il popolo di Napoli ed i suoi costumi, Gaetano Valeriani
1844
Passeggiata per Napoli, Emanuele Bidera
1847
Usi e costumi by Francesco de Boucard: description of pizza toppings (tomatoes) and first reference to the calzone pizza
1848
L’omnibus pittoresco: mentions tomato and mozzarella for the first time
1851
Revue des Deux Mondes: French guidebook which describes pizza as a ‘gateau’ or pie stuffed with fish
1851
Pulcinella creduto donna, Dorotea pezza a ll’uocchio: a comic piece featuring a pizzaiolo, or pizza chef, as one of the characters. It also mentions pizza with tomato and mozzarella sauce
1853
Usi e costumi di Napoli: description of a pizzaiolo, or pizza chef, and possibly the first description of a Margherita pizza
1867
L’umanitario giornale Massonico: features a reference to a pizza restaurant in Via del Purgatorio in Naples. This is probably the first time that pizza is mentioned in a newspaper.
1880
Il Bettoliere di Borgo Loreto by Francesco Mastriani
1870
First pizzeria outside of Naples in Roma Capitale (1870-1878) by Ugo Pesci
1884
Il ventre di Napoli by Matilde Serao: a novel about the abovementioned pizzeria in Rome which by this time had closed
1889
Storia della pizza: the history of the margherita pizza as invented by Raffaele Esposito in 1889
1893
Guida Monaci : an Italian guidebook in which the Gran Caffè Rattazzi and the Pizzeria delle Terme are mentioned, both of which are in Naples